Wednesday, 27 August 2014

UPSC Exam-Civil Services Exam-2014-CSAT Paper 2- Question and Answer Part 3

Civil Services Exam-2014-CSAT Paper 2- Question and Answer Part 3

38. The following table shows  the  marks obtained  by  two students in different subjects :

Student                     Maximum            Student         Maximum
A            Marks                    B     Marks
English         60           100                      80      150
Psychology  70           100                      70      100
History          50           100                      60      100
Sanskrit        30            50                       15        25

The difference  in  the  mean  aggregate percentage marks of the students is

(a)  2.5 %

(b) 13.75%

(c) 1.25 %

(d) Zero

Answer: C

39. Examine the following figure:

Which one of the following figures has the above figure embedded in it ? (ans(c))

40. Consider the following matrix:

Which one of the following figures fits into the blank part of the above matrix? (ans. b)

The following table gives population and total income of a city for four years:

Which one of the following statements is correct in respect of the above data?

(a) Population increased by 5% or more every year.

(b) Income increased by 10% or more every year.
(c) Per capita income was always above Rs. 5,000.

(d) Per capita income was highest in 1994.

Answer: C

42. Consider the table given below in which the numbers bear certain relationship among themselves along the rows:

29          13          18

33          X            19

30         27          3

Which one of the following numbers is the missing number indicated above by X?

(a) 19

(b) 15

(c) 14

(d) 8

Answer: D

43. Consider the following matrix with one empty   block   in   the   lower   extreme corner?

Which of the following figures could fit in the empty block and thus complete the matrix? (ans. (a))

44. With reference to the figure given below, the number of different routes from S to T without retracing from U and / or V, is

(a) 3
(b) 6
(c) 9
(d) 18

Answer: D

45.  Consider the following figures:

Change in positions of beads in the four figures above follows a sequence Following the Same Sequence, which of the figure below should appear as the fifth figure above? (ans. (b))

46. A bell rings every 18 minutes. A second bell rings every 24 minutes. A third bell rings every 32 minutes. If all the three bells ring at the same time at 8 o’clock in the morning, at what other time will they all ring together?

(a) 12 : 40 hrs
(b) 12 : 48 hrs
(c) 12 : 56 hrs
(d) 13 : 04 hrs

Answer: B

47.“Price is not the same thing as value. Suppose   that on a day   the   price of everything viz., coal, bread, postage, stamps, a day’s labour, the rent of houses, etc. were to double. Prices then would certainly rise, but values of all things except one would not.”

 The writer wants to say that if prices of all things were doubled

(a) the values of all things would remain constant.
(b) the values of the things sold would be doubled.
(c) the values of the things bought would be halved.
(d) the value of money only would be halved.

Answer: D

48. A and B decide to travel from place X to place Y by bus. A has Rs. 10 with him and he finds that it is 80% of the bus fare for two persons. B finds that he has Rs. 3 with him and hands it over to A. In this context, which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Now the money A has is just enough to buy two tickets.
(b) A still needs Rs. 2 for buying the tickets.
(c) After buying the two tickets A will be left with 50 paise.
(d) The money A now has is still not sufficient to buy two tickets.

Answer: C

49. As   per   agreement   with   a   bank,   a businessman had to refund a loan in some equal instalments without interest. After paying 18 instalments he found that 60 percent of his loan was refunded.  How many instalments were there in the agreement?

(a) 22
(b) 24
(c) 30
(d) 33

Answer: C

50. A worker reaches his factory 3 minutes late if his speed from his house to the factory is 5 km/hr. If he walks at a speed of 6 km/hr,then he reaches the factory 7 minutes early.
The distance of the factory from his house is

(a) 3 km

(b) 4 km

(c) 5 km

(d) 6 km

Answer: C

51. “Liberty, therefore, is never real unless the Government can be called to account when   it invades rights.”
 Which one of the following is the best justification of the above statement?
(a) In the realisation that the government can be brought to book in a court of law.
(b) In identifying a man as a political unit in a way which distinguishes him from
other citizens
(c) In a decentralized society wherein the basic needs of men can find satisfaction
(d) In the understanding that liberty and restraints are complementary.

Answer: A

Directions for the following 7 (seven) items:

Read the following two passages and answer the items that follow each passage.  Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
                               Passage - 1
Many nations now place their faith in capitalism and governments choose it as the strategy to create wealth for their people. The spectacular economic growth seen in Brazil, China and India after the liberalization of their economics is proof of its enormous potential and success.  However, the global banking crisis and the economic recession have left many bewildered. The debates tend to focus on free   market   operations   and   forces,   their efficiency and their ability for self-correction. Issues of justice, integrity and honesty are rarely elaborated to highlight the failure of the global banking system. The apologists of the system continue to justify the success of capitalism and argue that the recent crisis was a blip.
Their arguments betray an ideological bias with the assumptions that an unregulated market is fair and competent, and that the exercise of private greed will be in the larger public interest.
Few recognize the bidirectional relationship between capitalism and greed; that each reinforces the other. Surely, a more honest conceptualisation of the conflicts of interest among the rich and powerful players who have benefited from the system, their biases and ideology is needed; the focus on the wealth creation should also highlight the resultant gross inequity.

52. The apologists of the “Free   Market System”, according to the passage, believe in

(a) Market without control by government authorities.

(b) Market   without   protection   by   the government

(c) Ability of market to self-correct
(d) Market for free goods and services

Answer: C

53. With reference to “ideological bias”, the passage implies that

(a) free market is fair but not competent.
(b) free market is not fair but competent.
(c) free market is fair and competent.
(d) free market is neither fair nor biased.

Answer: C

54. “The exercise of private greed will be in the   larger   public   interest”   from   the passage

1. refers   to   the   false   ideology   of capitalism.
2. underlies the righteous claims of the free market.
3. shows the benevolent face of capitalism.
4. ignores resultant gross inequity.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)    1 only
(b)    2 and 3
(c)     1 and 4
(d)    4 only

Answer: A or C

                            Passage - 2
Net profits are only 2·2% of their total assets for central public sector undertakings, lower than for the private corporate sector.While   the   public   sector   or   the   State-led entrepreneurship played an important role in triggering   India’s   industrialization,   our  evolving  development  needs,  comparatively less-than-satisfactory   performance   of   the public sector enterprises, the maturing of our private sector, a much larger social base now available for expanding entrepreneurship and the growing institutional capabilities to enforce competition policies would suggest that the time has come to review the role of public sector.
What should the portfolio composition of the government be? It should not remain static all times. The airline industry works well as a purely private affair. At the opposite end, rural roads, whose sparse traffic makes tolling unviable, have to be on the balance-sheet of the State. If the government did not own rural roads, they would not exist. Similarly, public health capital in our towns and cities will need to come from the public sector.  Equally, preservation and improvement of forest cover will have to be a new priority for the public sector assets.
Take the example of steel. With near-zero tariffs, India is a globally competitive market for the metal. Indian firms export steel into the global market, which demonstrates there is no gap in technology.   Indian companies   are   buying   up   global   steel companies, which shows there is no gap in capital availability.  Under these conditions, private ownership works best.
Private ownership is clearly desirable in regulated industries, ranging from finance to infrastructure, where a government agency performs   the   function   of   regulation   and multiple competing firms are located in the private sector.  Here, the simple and clean solution - government as the umpire and the private sector as the players is what works best. In many of these industries, we have a legacy of government ownership, where productivity tends to be lower, fear of bankruptcy is absent, and the risk of asking for money from the tax payer is ever present. There is also the conflict of interest between government as an owner and as the regulator.  The formulation and implementation of competition policy will be more   vigorous   and   fair   if   government companies are out of action.

55. According to the passage, what is/are the reason/reasons for saying that the time has come to review the role of public sector?

1.   Now public sector has lost its relevance in the industrialization process.
2.   Public   sector   does   not   perform satisfactorily.
3.   Entrepreneurship in private sector is expanding.
4.   Effective   competition   policies   are available now.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct in the given context?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 2 only
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer: C

56. According to the passage, rural roads should be in the domain of public sector only. Why?
(a)   Rural development work is the domain of government only.
(b)   Private sector cannot have monetary gains in this.
(c)   Government  takes  money  from  tax payers and hence it  is the       responsibility of government only.
(d)   Private sector need not have any social responsibility.

Answer: B

57. The    portfolio    composition    of    the government refers to

(a)   Public sector assets quality.
(b)   Investment in liquid assets.
(c)   Mix of government investment in different industrial sectors.
(d)   Buying Return on Investment yielding capital assets.

Answer: C

58. The author prefers government as the umpire   and   private   sector   as   players because
(a)   Government prescribes norms for a fair play by the price sector.
(b)   Government is the ultimate in policy formulation.
(c)   Government has no control over private sector players.
(d)   None of the above statements is correct in this context.

Answer: A

59. A question paper must have a question on one of the eight poets: A, B, C, D, E, F, G or H. The first four belong to the medieval period while the rest are considered modern poets. Generally, modern poets figure in the question paper in alternate years. Generally those who like H like G also; and those who like F like E also. The paper-setter does not like to ask about F as he has written a book on F, but he likes F. Last year, the paper contained a question on A. On the basis of the information given, this year’s paper is most likely to contain a question on
(a)      C
(b)      E
(c)      F
(d)    H

Answer: B

60. In a group of six women there are four dancers, four vocal musicians, one actress and three violinists. Girija and Vanaja areamong   the   violinists   while   Jalaja   and Shailaja do not know how to play on the violin. Shailaja and Tanuja are among the dancers. Jalaja, Vanaja, Shailaja and Tanuja are all vocal musicians and two of them are also violinists. If Pooja is an actress, who among the following is certainly a dancer and a violinist?

(a) Jalaja
(b) Pooja
(c) Shailaja
(d) Tanuja

Answer: D

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