Wednesday, 27 August 2014

UPSC Exam-Civil Services Exam-2014-CSAT Paper 2- Question and Answer Part 2

Civil Services Exam-2014-CSAT Paper 2- Question and Answer Part 2

21. Six books are labeled A, B, C, D, E and F and are placed side by side. Books       B, C, E and F have green covers while others have yellow covers. Books A, B and D are new while the rest are old volumes. Books A, B and C are law reports while the rest are medical extracts. Which two books are old  medical extracts and have green covers ?

(a) B and C

(b) E and F

(c) C and E

(d) C and F

Answer: B

22. A straight line segment is 36 cm long. Points are to be marked on the line from  both the end points. From each end, the first point is at a distance of 1 cm from the end, the second point is at a distance of 2 cm from the first point and the third point is at a distance of 3 cm from the second      point and so on. If the points on the ends are not counted and the common  points are counted as one, what is the number of points ?
(a) 10

(b)  12

(c)   14

(d)  16

Answer: B

23. If Sohan, while selling two goats at the same price, makes a profit of 10% on one goat and suffers a loss of 10% on the other.

      (a) he makes no profit and no loss.
(b) he makes a profit of 1%.
(c) he suffers a loss of 1%.
(d) he  suffers a loss of 2%.

Answer: C

24. Out of a total of 120 musicians in a club, 5% can play all the three instruments, guitar, violin and flute.  It so happens that the number of musicians who can play any two and only two of the above instruments is 30. The number of musicians who can play the guitar alone is 40. What is the total number of those who can play violin alone or flute alone ?
(a)    45

(b)   44

(c)   38

(d)   30

Answer: B

25. Six identical cards are placed on a table. Each card has number `1’ marked on one side and number `2’ marked on its other side. All the six cards are placed in such a manner that the number `1’ is on the upper side. In one try, exactly four (neither more nor less) cards are turned upside down. In how many least number of tries can the cards be turned upside down such that all the six cards show number `2’on the upper side?
(a)  3
(b)   5
(c)   7
(d) This cannot be achieved

Answer: A

Directions for the following 8 (eight) items:

Read the following two passages and answer the items that follow each passage.  Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.

                      Passage – 1

The  Himalayan  ecosystem  is  highly vulnerable to damage, both due to geological reasons and on account of the stress caused by increased pressure of population, exploitation of   natural   resources   and   other   related challenges. These aspects may be exacerbated due to the impact of climate change. It is possible that climate change may adversely impact   the   Himalayan   ecosystem   through increased   temperature,   altered   precipitation patterns,   episodes   of   drought   and   biotic influences. This would not only impact the very sustenance of the indigenous communities in uplands but also the life of downstream
dwellers   across   the   country   and   beyond. Therefore, there is an urgent need for giving special attention to sustain the Himalayan ecosystem.   This   would   require conscious efforts for conserving all the representative systems.

Further, it needs to be emphasized that the endemics with restricted distribution, and most often with specialized habitat requirements, are among the most vulnerable elements. In this respect the Himalayan biodiversity   hotspot,   with   rich   endemic diversity, is vulnerable to climate change. The threats   include   possible loss of genetic resources in ecosystem services.  Therefore, conservation    of endemic elements in representative ecosystem/habitats assumes a great significance while drawing conservation plans for the region.
        Towards achieving the above, we will have to shift toward contemporary conservation approaches, which include a paradigm of landscape level interconnectivity between protected area systems. The concept advocates a shift from the species-habitat focus to an inclusive focus on expanding the biogerographic range so that natural adjustments to climate change can proceed without being restrictive.

26. Consider the following statements:

According   to   the   passage,   the   adverse impact of climate change on an       ecosystem can be a
1. Permanent disappearance of some of its flora and fauna.
2. Permanent disappearance of ecosystem itself.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b)   2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A

27. Which one of the following statements best implies the need to shift toward contemporary conservation approach?

(a) Exploitation of natural resources causes a stress on the Himalayan      ecosystem.
(b) Climate   change   alters   precipitation patterns, causes episodes of       drought and biotic interference.
(c) The rich biodiversity, including endemic diversity, makes the Himalayan region        a biodiversity hotspot.
(d) The Himalayan biogeographic region should be enabled to adapt to        climate change smoothly.

Answer: D

28. What is the most important message conveyed by the passage?
(a) Endemism is a characteristic feature of Himalayan region.
(b) Conservation efforts should emphasize on biogeographic ranges rather   than   on   some   species   or habitats
(c) Climate change has adverse  impact on the Himalayan ecosystem
(d) Without Himalayan ecosystem, the life of  the  communities  of  uplands       and down streams will have no sustenance.

Answer: B

29.With reference to the passage, the following assumptions have been made :

1. To maintain natural ecosystems, exploitation of natural resources should       be completely avoided.
2. Not only anthropogenic but also natural reasons can adversely affect      it ecosystems.
3. Loss of endemic diversity leads to the extinction of ecosystems.

Which of the above assumptions is/are correct?

(a)    1 and 2
(b)    2 only
(c)    2 and 3
(d)    3 only

Answer: B

                              Passage - 2
    It is often forgotten that globalization is not   only   about   policies   on   international economic relationships and transactions, but has equally to do with domestic policies of a nation. Policy changes necessitated by meeting the internationally set conditions (by WTO etc.)  Of free trade and investment flows obviously affect domestic producers and investors. But the basic philosophy underlying globalization emphasizes absolute freedom to markets to determine prices and production and distribution patterns, and view government
interventions   as   processes   that create distortions and bring in inefficiency.  Thus, public enterprises have to be privatized through disinvestments and sales; sectors and activities hitherto reserved for the public sector have to be opened to the private sector. This logic extends to the social services like education
and health. Any restrictions on the adjustments in  workforce  by  way  of  retrenchment  of workers  should  also  be  removed  and  exit should  be  made  easier  by  removing  any restrictions   on   closures.   Employment   and wages should be governed by free play of market forces, as any measure to regulate them can discourage investment and also create inefficiency in production. Above all, in line with the overall philosophy of reduction in the role of the State, fiscal reforms should be undertaken to have generally low levels of taxation and government expenditure should be kept to the minimum to abide by the principle
of fiscal prudence. All these are policy actions on  the  domestic  front  and  are  not directly related to the core items of the globalization agenda,  namely  free  international  flow  of goods and finance.

30. According to   the   passage,   under   the globalization, government interventions are viewed as processes leading to

(a) distortions  and  inefficiency  in  the economy.

(b) optimum use of resources.

(c) more profitability to industries.

(d) free play of market forces with regard to industries. 31. According to the passage,the   basic philosophy of globalization is to

Answer: A

31. According to   the    passage, the   basic philosophy of globalization is to

       (a) give absolute freedom to producers to determine prices and production.
(b)  give  freedom  to  producers  to  evolve distribution patterns.
(c)  give absolute freedom to markets to determine   prices, production and employment.
(d) give freedom to producers to import and export.

Answer: C

32. According to the passage, which of the following is/are   necessary   for 
     Ensuring globalization?

1. Privatization of public enterprises
2. Expansionary policy of public expenditure.
3. Free play of market forces to determine wages and employment.
4. Privatization   of social   services   like education and health
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 3 and 4

(d) 2, 3 and 4

Answer: C

33. According to the passage, in the process of globalization the State should have

(a) expanding role.

(b) reducing role.

(c) statutory role.

(d) none of the above roles.

Answer: B

Directions for the following 4 (four) items:
The following graph shows the average profit of two fruit-sellers A and B in thousands ( ) per year from the year 1995 to 2000. Consider the graph and answer the 4 (four) items that follow:

34. In which years is the average profit of A and B same?

(a) 1995
(b) 1996
(c) 1997
(d) 1998

Answer: B

35. What is the difference between the average profit of B and A in the year 1998?

(a)  -         100
(b) -        1,000
(c)   -         600
(d)   -        300

Answer: C

36. How much more average profit did A make in the year 2000 than in the year

(a)       200
(b)       1,000
(c)         1,500
(d)       2,000

Answer: D

37. What is the trend of the average profit of B
from the year 1997 to the year 2000?

(a)  Non - increasing

(b)  Non - decreasing

(c)  Steady

(d)  Fluctuating

Answer: B

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